Types of Stonemasonry
Rubble Masonry When roughly dressed stones are laid in a mortar the result is a stone rubble masonry.
Ashlar Masonry Stone masonry using dressed (cut) stones is known as ashlar masonry, whereas masonry using irregularly shaped stones is known as rubble masonry.
Stone Veneer Stone veneer is used as a protective and decorative covering for interior or exterior walls and surfaces. The structural wall is put up first, and thin, flat stones are mortared onto the face of the wall.
Slipform Stonemasonry Slipform stonemasonry is a method for making stone walls with the aid of formwork to contain the rocks and mortar while keeping the walls straight.
Types of Stone
Igneous stones Igneous stone ranges from very soft rocks such as pumice and scoria to somewhat harder rocks such as tuff and hard rocks such as granite and basalt.
Metamorphic Slate is a popular choice of stone for memorials and inscriptions, as its fine grain and hardness means it leaves details very sharp. Meanwhile, its tendency to split into thin plates has made it a popular roofing material.
Sedimentary There are two main types of sedimentary stone used in masonry work, limestones and sandstones.
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